首页>>互联网金融 >>【国际】美国制裁升级,多家交易所停止为伊朗用户提供服务

【国际】美国制裁升级,多家交易所停止为伊朗用户提供服务

作者:
发布时间:
2018-11-07 18:14:57

随着美国对伊朗经济制裁的升级,有一些加密货币交易所已经和这个国家划清了界限。伊朗Blockchain Community(某区块链社区)的负责人Sepehr Mohammadi表示, 包括币安和Bittrex在内的一些平台已经默默停止为伊朗用户提供服务。

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交易所服务受限,但资产并未遭封锁

本周一,美国宣布对伊朗实施更严厉的经济制裁, 切断了该国石油、航运和天然气市场(包括其金融系统)与外界的联系,只有包括中国在内的7个国家获得了伊朗原油进口豁免权。

5月份的制裁主要针对伊朗的货币、航空等领域,因为特朗普并未遵守早前奥巴马政府与伊朗就核问题达成的协议。

美国对伊朗金融系统的制裁就意味着任何形式的交易都可能被封锁。

Mohammadi在接受当地媒体采访时表示,“部分虚拟货币交易所已经限制了伊朗用户的使用,但并未封锁其资产”。这可能意味着 伊朗民众很难在全球范围内交易加密货币,只能在国内交易,而在伊朗本国市场,比特币始终存在溢价。 目前尚不清楚是否有更多的交易所会停止为伊朗提供服务。

美国的经济制裁波及到伊朗的加密货币行业已经不是第一次了。今年7月,在第一轮制裁过后,Mohammadi称特朗普政府阻碍了伊朗数字货币行业的发展,他说 美国政府没收了伊朗大约600万美元的比特币

2017年,大量属于伊朗人的比特币被美国政府没收,具体的原因未知,而且这种没收的行为仍在继续。Mohammadi当时表示,被没收比特币的伊朗人无法在国内对美国采取法律措施,因为加密货币已经被伊朗政府禁止。伊朗央行在今年4月宣布禁止国内银行处理加密货币业务,原因是存在洗钱和恐怖主义融资风险。但随后考虑到制裁带来的影响,央行又撤回了这个决定。

在本周一宣布本轮制裁开启时,美国国务卿Mike Pompeo表示:

如果有公司无视我们的制裁体系,依然秘密地与伊朗从事涉及制裁领域的业务,美国将迅速对其进行严厉的处罚,包括制裁。我向你们保证,无视制裁并继续与伊朗有业务往来最终将是一个比彻底放弃伊朗市场更痛苦的商业决定。

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国家数字货币被提上日程?

由于制裁,伊朗已经被挤出了石油美元“舒适区”,这个世界第三大原油生产商希望利用加密货币来维持该国经济命脉,即石油销售。伊朗民防组织的负责人Gholam Reza Jalali准将曾提到加密货币带来的“重大机遇”,似乎在暗示伊朗正在研发国家加密货币。

通过不可追踪的银行运作,加密货币可以用于躲避制裁。他还强调了国家加密货币的重要性,其能在必要的时候发挥作用。在他看来,国家研发的虚拟货币与比特币类似,交易在区块链账本中进行,但可能不会进行挖矿,因为其结构是私有化的。为了国家利益,伊朗还批准了加密货币挖矿。

英文原文

A number of cryptocurrency exchanges have reportedly cut ties with Iran after the U.S. imposed tougher economic sanctions against the Islamic Republic. Sepehr Mohammadi, head of Iran’s Blockchain Community, told local media that Binance and Bittrex are some of the platforms to have unofficially dropped Iran from the list of supported countries to receive services.

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Exchanges Impose Restrictions, but Assets Not Blocked

On Nov. 5, the U.S. announced severe economic sanctions against Iran that, w ith the exception of just eight countries, cut the rest of the world off from the country’s oil, shipping and gas market, including its financial system. An earlier round of sanctions in May targeted Iran’s currency, aviation industry and other sectors, as President Donald Trump broke away from his predecessor Barack Obama’s engagement with Tehran. Measures against the financial system are expected to hinder any kind of trade with Iran.

Speaking to IBENA, an Iranian news agency affiliated to the country’s central bank, Mohammadi said “some virtual currency exchanges have imposed restrictions on Iranian users, but no assets belonging to Iranians have been blocked.” The measures mean that people in Iran will no longer be able to trade cryptocurrencies across borders, limiting trade to a domestic market where bitcoin is sold at a significant premium relative to the global average price. It was not immediately clear which other exchanges had stopped offering services to Iranians.

This will not be the first time that U.S. economic sanctions have struck at the heart of Iran’s cryptocurrency industry. In July, after the first round of sanctions, Mohammadi accused Donald Trump’s administration of stifling growth in Iran’s digital currency sector, claiming that the U.S. government confiscated about $6 million worth of Iranian-owned BTC. He said then:

Last year (2017), the remarkable volume of bitcoin which belonged to some Iranians was confiscated due to unspecific reasons by the Federal government of the United States, and the process of confiscation is still continuing.

The Iran Blockchain Community chairmain indicated at the time that owners of the confiscated BTC were unable to take legal action against the U.S. inside Iran, as cryptocurrencies were banned in the country. The Central Bank of Iran in April banned Iranian banks from dealing in foreign cryptocurrency citing money laundering and terrorism financing risks, but later rescinded the decision after gauging the full effect of the sanctions.

Announcing the sanctions on Monday, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo warned : “It should be noted that if a company evades our sanctions regime and secretly continues sanctionable commerce in the Islamic Republic, the U.S. will levy severe, swift penalties on it, including potential sanctions. I promise you that doing business with Iran in defiance of our sanctions will ultimately be a much more painful business decision than pulling out of Iran entirely.”

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State-Backed Digital Currency

Iran, the world’s third largest oil producer, is hoping to leverage cryptocurrencies to compensate for the expected squeeze in petrodollars arising from the economic sanctions designed to cut oil sales from the country, the economy’s lifeblood. Brigadier General Gholam Reza Jalali, head of Iran’s Civil Defense Organization, has talked about the “great opportunities” presented by cryptocurrencies, in the latest indication that Tehran is developing a state cryptocurrency.

“Cryptocurrencies can help bypass certain sanctions through untraceable banking operations,” Jalali told the state media in October. He also emphasized the need for formation of a national cryptocurrency that can be used whenever necessary. The state-backed virtual currency will be similar to bitcoin in that transactions are carried out on an online ledger called a blockchain, but it will not be possible for people to mine it because the infrastructure will be private. The country has also approvedplans for cryptocurrency mining for the national good.

作者:Jeffrey Gogo
编译:Wendy
稿源(译):巴比特资讯

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